TRU Blog

TRU Blog

WWII 70: Marching to Victory | August 4, 2015

 

WWII highlights from the Truman Library’s archives and collections

 

Marching to Victory: The Bombing of Hiroshima
August 6, 1945

At 8:15 AM on August 6, 1945, an American B-29 bomber opened its bay doors over the Japanese city of Hiroshima and released a solitary bomb. Forty-four seconds later, it exploded 1,900 feet above the city. This single explosion brought the Second World War into its final phase and revealed to the world a new and devastating weapon.
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WWII 70: Marching to Victory

WWII 70: Marching to Victory | July 27, 2015

 

WWII highlights from the Truman Library’s archives and collections

 

Marching to Victory: The Potsdam Declaration
July 26, 1945

By July 1945, Japan was defeated nearly everywhere except in the hearts and minds of the Japanese. Even as the Japanese Empire crumbled and the suffering Japanese prepared for invasion, military leaders reminded their people that national honor prohibited surrender to the Allies.
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WWII 70: Marching to Victory

WWII 70: Marching to Victory | July 16, 2015

 

WWII highlights from the Truman Library’s archives and collections

 

Marching to Victory: The Trinity Test
July 16, 1945

At 5:29 AM on July 16, 1945, an enormous explosion rocked the bleak desert of southern New Mexico. The cause of the blast was a device called the Gadget, which exploded with the force of forty million pounds of TNT. It produced intense heat, a light brighter than the sun, and a mushroom cloud 7.5 miles high that glowed yellow, then red, then purple. People felt the shockwave 100 miles from ground zero, and newspapers reported that a blind woman 150 miles away asked: “What’s that brilliant light?”
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WWII 70: Marching to Victory

WWII 70: Marching to Victory | July 5, 2015

 

WWII highlights from the Truman Library’s archives and collections

 

Marching to Victory: How Children Helped Win the War
July 5, 1945

World War II was a total war. Those who were not soldiers were mobilized to some degree. They conserved, raised money, boosted soldiers’ morale, worked in war manufacturing, and contributed to the war effort in countless other ways. Even young people participated in the war effort.

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WWII 70: Marching to Victory

WWII 70: Marching to Victory | June 25, 2015

WWII highlights from the Truman Library’s archives and collections

Marching to Victory: The United Nations
June 26, 1945

Popular depictions of World War II concentrate on paratroopers, goose-stepping Nazis, Holocaust victims, tanks, aircraft carriers, and other symbols of the world at arms and the deaths of millions of people.
But violence was not the war’s only legacy.

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WWII 70: Marching to Victory

WWII 70: Marching to Victory | June 5, 2015

WWII highlights from the Truman Library’s archives and collections

Marching to Victory: Civil Rights
June 5, 1945

President Truman knew that victory in WWII depended on the full participation of “all available workers regardless of race, creed or color.” When Congress abruptly dropped appropriations for the Fair Employment Practice Committee (FEPC) – the agency in charge of protecting Americans from discrimination in defense industries or government – in the spring of 1945, Truman launched an impassioned defense of the FEPC and civil rights.

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WWII 70: Marching to Victory

WWII 70: Marching to Victory | June 2, 2015

WWII highlights from the Truman Library’s archives and collections

Marching to Victory: Victory Gardens
June 2, 1945

Although Nazi Germany had surrendered weeks earlier and the Japanese Empire was near collapse, President Truman sent a strong message to Americans on June 2, 1945 about winning the war…and winning the peace.

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WWII 70: Marching to Victory

WWII 70: Marching to Victory | May 7, 2015

WWII highlights from the Truman Library’s archives and collections

Marching to Victory: Germany Surrenders!
May 7, 1945

Today marks the 70th anniversary of the surrender of Nazi Germany. And now, for a limited time at the Harry S. Truman Library and Museum, two artifacts help share the story: the German Instrument of Surrender and the pens used to sign it.

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WWII 70: Marching to Victory